Recreational or Sports Flights
If you fly a drone or a flying model for fun or as part of a sports competition, you can fly:
• without a UAVO certificate of qualification;
• within visual line of sight;
• in FPV if the drone does not exceed 2kg;
• without aero-medical examinations.
Remember, however, that when you are flying, you are responsible for exercising extreme caution due to air traffic safety and peace and public order. Remember to fly only the equipment that is technically efficient. It is you as the operator who is responsible for the safe and lawful use of a drone or a flying model.
This article discusses the rules of flight in a general way. Details can be found in the regulations to which the link can be found at the end of the article. Each operator has a legal obligation to familiarize with the applicable regulations and apply them in practice.
General rules of flight
If the weight of your drone does not exceed 600g, maintain a safe distance from towns, cities, settlements or gatherings of people in the open air as well as from people, vehicles, buildings that are not under your control (this distance is not determined by the rules in meters. As an operator you decide what distance you need so that the equipment you fly does not hurt anyone).
If the weight of your drone or model exceeds 600g, you should stick to the following rules:
• maintain a horizontal distance of not less than 100 m from the buildings of towns, cities, settlements or gatherings of people in the open air (you can fly in the city, if you find enough space);
• maintain a horizontal distance of not less than 30 m from people, vehicles or constructions that are not under your control (you should not fly directly over people).
Regardless of the weight of the drone or model you fly, you should also follow the following rules:
• you or a person assisting you with flying should constantly keep eye contact with the drone or model, so that it can easily be determined in the air and, if necessary, avoid collision with other airspace users or obstacles. You may temporarily lose eye contact with the drone or model when checking flight parameters transmitted by equipment being a drone or flying model equipment;
• if you fly with camera view (FPV) and there is nobody with you who can observe the drone or model you fly, remember not to fly:
o higher than 50 m above ground level,
o at a horizontal distance of more than 200 m from each other,
o at a distance of less than 100 m from the building or from gatherings of people in the open air (you can fly in the city if you find enough space).
Remember that there are also places in the Polish airspace where you cannot fly for safety reasons or you must obtain a special clearance for a flight in a given zone. If you want to easily check where you can fly, and where not, visit the website of the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency (PANSA) where you will find the appropriate application. Below you will also find a general description of the zones to pay special attention to.
• Airports, firing ranges and military units – you cannot fly over these objects;
• Prohibited Area (P) – you can fly only with the clearance provided by the prohibited area operator and under conditions defined by the operator;
• Control Zone (CTR) and Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ) – you can fly only under conditions specified by the air traffic service provider or with the clearance of CTR or ATZ operator and under conditions defined by the operator. You do not need clearance:
a) for flights within visual line of sight (VLOS) with drones or flying models weighing not more than 25 kg at a distance of more than 6 km from the airport boundary and up to 100 m above ground level;
b) for flights within visual line of sight (VLOS) with drones or flying models weighing less than 600 g at a distance of less than 1 km from the airport boundary and not higher than 30 m or up to the highest obstacle, including trees or buildings within a radius up to 100 m from you;
• Danger Area (D) – you can only fly with the clearance of the danger area operator and under conditions defined by the operator;
• Military Control Area (MCTR) – you can only fly with the clearance of the MCTR operator and under conditions defined by the operator;
• Military Aerodrome Traffic Zone(MATZ) – you can only fly with the clearance of the MATZ operator and under conditions defined by the operator;
• Restricted Area (R) – in case of drones and flying models, this is the area covering the airspace located directly over the national park where you can fly with the clearance of the operator of the given national park and under conditions defined by the operator;
• Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) – this zone is located along the entire eastern border of Poland. In this zone you can fly after notifying your location and time of flight to air traffic service (ATS) unit responsible for the airspace in which the flight is to be performed, or to AMC Polska (Airspace Management Cell of the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency).