31.07.2019 Aktualizacja: 31.07.2019

Glossary

Glossary


Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone – an aircraft that does not require a flight crew on board, remotely piloted or performing flight autonomously. Another acronym is: RPA (remotely piloted aircraft).
VLOS (visual line of sight operation) – operations with visibility in which the operator or observer of the unmanned aerial vehicle maintains direct visual contact with the unmanned aerial vehicle.
BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line of Sight Operation) – operations without visibility in which the operator of the unmanned aerial vehicle does not maintain direct eye contact with the unmanned aerial vehicle.
UAVO (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator) – operator of the unmanned aerial vehicle.
Recreation – a form of activity chosen voluntarily by a man because of personal interests and for rest, entertainment or development of his own personality; taken apart from professional, social and home-based duties, during leisure time.
Sport – a form of human activity, aimed at improving physical fitness within competition, individually or collectively, according to contractual rules.
Commerce – activity focused solely on achieving profit, also: products of such activity.
Operator – a person remotely piloting an unmanned aerial vehicle.
Observer – a person appointed by the operator who, through visual observation of an unmanned aerial vehicle with the unaided eye, helps the operator to determine the position of the flying model in the airspace and to provide a safe distance from other aircraft, obstacles, people, animals or property.
Automatic flight – an operation in which an unmanned aerial vehicle automatically performs take-off and landing at a designated place as well as a flight on a programmed route, when the operator only performs remote control of the operation, retaining the possibility of immediately taking over remote control of unmanned aerial vehicle or taking other actions in case a dangerous situation occurs.
Eye contact with the unaided eye – visual observation carried out by the operator or observer of the flying model without the aid of optical devices, excluding corrective glasses worn to correct the eye defect.
FPV (First Person View) – operations with a view of the first person in which the operator is piloting the flying model, without maintaining direct eye contact, determining its location in the airspace by the image transmitted in real time to the ground by devices mounted on board unmanned aerial vehicle.
Safe distance – the distance of an unmanned aerial vehicle from other aircraft, obstacles, people or animals, allowing to avoid collisions, resulting from the analysis of prevailing weather conditions, surroundings and obstacles in the flight area, type of unmanned aircraft used and operator qualifications.
Extreme caution – caution involving increased attention, adjusting the operator's behavior or securing and adapting the take-off and landing site of the flying model or terrain on which the flight takes place to the conditions and situations changing during the flight, to the extent that safe flight is possible.
AMC Polska (Airspace Management Cell) – Airspace Management Center at the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency (PANSA).
PKOB - Polish classification of construction facilities introduced by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of 30 December 1999 on the Polish classification of construction facilities (PKOB) (Journal of Laws, item 1316 and 2002, item 170).
Closed areas – areas restricted for reasons of national defense and security, determined by competent ministers and heads of central offices.
Nuclear facilities – a nuclear power plant, research reactor, isotope enrichment plant, nuclear fuel production plant, nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, nuclear fuel storage facility, and an object for storage of radioactive waste directly related to any of these facilities and located on its premises.
Warning vest – warning clothing with an intense yellow, red, orange or green color worn on outerwear.
Communication and information system (CIS) – a group of interoperating IT devices and software determined by air traffic services provider ensuring processing and storage as well as sending and receiving data via telecommunications networks using a terminal device appropriate for a given type of telecommunications network in the understanding of Article 2 point 43 of the Act of 16 July 2004 - Telecommunications Law (Journal of Laws of 2018, item 1954).
Electronic communication means – technical solutions, including IT devices and software tools cooperating with them, enabling individual remote communication using data transmission between IT systems and electronic mail in particular.
Multirotor – rotorcraft kept in flight mainly by air reaction on more than two main rotors.
Areas, facilities and equipment referred to in Article 5 para. 2 point 1 letter a and b, point 2 letter a and b and point 3 letter a and b of the Act of 22 August 1997 on the protection of people and property (Journal of Laws of 2018, item 2142) – areas, facilities, equipment and transports important for defense, economic interest of the state, public safety and other essential State interests being subject to mandatory protection by specialized armed protective formations or appropriate technical protection.
Areas, facilities and equipment referred to in paragraph 1, include:
1) with regard to state defense, in particular:
a) special production plants and establishments in which scientific research or development works are carried out in the field of such production;
b) establishments producing, renovating and storing military armament, devices and equipment;
c) stores for strategic reserves referred to in Article 15 of the Act of 29 October 2010 on strategic reserves (Journal of Laws No. 229, item 1496, as amended1);
2) with regard to protection of the economic interest of the state, in particular:
a) plants directly related to the extraction of mineral resources of strategic importance for the state;
b) seaports and airports;
c) banks and enterprises producing, storing or transporting monetary values in significant quantities;
3) with regard to public safety, in particular:
a) plants, facilities and equipment of significant importance for the functioning of urban agglomerations, the destruction or damage of which may pose a threat to human life and health and the environment, in particular power and heating plants, water intakes, water supply and sewage treatment plants;
b) plants using, producing or storing large amounts of nuclear material, sources and radioactive waste, toxic, psychoactive, explosive or chemical materials with high fire or explosive vulnerability;
c) fuel pipelines, power and telecommunications lines, water dams and locks and other devices located in open ground, the destruction or damage of which may pose a threat to human life or health, the environment or cause serious material damage;
4) with regard to protection of other important state interests, in particular:
a) plants with unique economic output;
b) telecommunications, postal, television and radio facilities and devices;
c) museums and other facilities where national cultural goods are gathered;
d) state archives;
5) facilities, including constructions, devices, installations, services included in a uniform list of facilities, installations, devices and services being part of critical infrastructure.

 

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